• Sturdy, courageous, independent, calm.
  • Has a strong, aloof personality.
  • It rarely barks and is not particularly active.
  • Forms a strong bond with its owner but is rather distant and not demonstrative. 
  • Extremely suspicious of strangers and is an excellent guard dog.
  • Aggressive towards other dogs. 
  • Firm but patient gentle training must start at a very young age. 
  • Can adapt to life in the city, provided it gets out for long daily walks. 
  • Daily brushing and combing are required – very clean dog. 
  • A curry brush is needed during seasonal shedding. 
  • Dislikes being tied up and does not tolerate heat well. 
  • Hunting dog; Draught dog; Herder; Pet